Camera and photography techniques have a long history for recording scientific phenomena such as astronomical events like eclipses, or small creatures and plants. The prime focus of this page is to shed light on forensic and science photography. The camera also time and again proved useful to record crime scenes and the scenes of accidents. Read on to know more about forensic photography and its role today.
When the camera was connected to the eyepiece of microscopes and for macro photography of larger specimens, it immediately expanded the horizon for science photography. It also proved useful in verification of the crime scenes and the scenes of accidents, with the help of forensic photography. A very good example and the first systematic applications of the use of photography in forensics and science was the Tay Rail Bridge disaster of 1879. A set of very high quality 50 Tay bridge photographs revealed clearly that the bridge was "badly designed, badly built and badly maintained”.
The photography techniques and methods used for analyzing old photographs are together known as forensic photography. It was easy for the witnesses to identify pieces of the evidence at the scene of crime or accidents. Today these photography techniques , are common at scenes of crime, accidents and subsequent cases in courts of law.
In simple words, photography in forensics also referred to as forensic imaging or crime scene photography relates to photography that is carried out within a legal context. The purpose behind is to provide a precise visual record of an accident or crime scene. Forensic photographers are called upon to take pictures of a wide range of subjects, which may include crime scenes, gunshot wounds, any bite marks or weapons etc; Forensic photography goes on to include taking pictures of any mail and newspapers to assist in establishing date of death and also the photographs taken from the viewpoint of witnesses at the time of the crime etc.Charles Brooke, between 1846 and 1852 formulated a technology for the automatic registration of photographic instruments like - barometers, psychrometers, thermometers, and magnetometers. These were able to record their readings by means of an automated photographic process.
Today, the role of photography in forensics and science has become ubiquitous. Whether at crime scenes or accident scenes or recording events and data in science and engineering, forensic and science photography has a major responsibility in today’s world. Photography techniques have been much extended to use other wavelengths, such as infrared photography and ultraviolet photography, as well as spectroscopy.
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